Manuela Vidal, a young Guarani-mbya Indigenous woman from the Itakupé village in São Paulo, walks through an area that was burned in a fire of unknown origin on Guarani land. June 24, 2020.
Youth from the Guarani village Tekoa Pyau participate in a soccer tournament for seven hours straight during the pandemic. August 14, 2020.
Young Guarani Mbya awaits the beginning of the Guarani New Year ceremony in the village of Aldeia Guyra Pepó, in São Paulo State. “It’s two different worlds. One world that has always existed and the other that has arrived. The Nhandereko, the Guarani way of life, is within us. What is outside is not so important, the child can spend the whole day on the cell phone, on the computer, watching television, but there is no way to get it out of us," says Sonia Ara Mirim, one of the leaders of the Guarani territory in the northern part of São Paulo. August 21, 2020.
Hortencio Karai, 107, observes the sky in Itakupe village, in the North Zone of São Paulo. Karai had COVID-19 and survived after 15 days of suffering and confinement inside his house, treating himself only with traditional plants of Guarani medicine. "The city is invading our territory, whether we like it or not, it is approaching. We see it coming closer. Our ancestors didn't care about a specific territory, they lived one or two years then they moved. If we leave this place for two years it will become part of the city". His life story has been defined by physical work - always planting, fishing, hunting or moving from one village to another on long walks. At the age of seven he experienced the slavery of the white man in Argentina but managed to escape through the woods. He passed through Argentina and Paraguay before arriving in Brazil. August 19, 2020.
Young Guaranis fight a fire in their territory. In total about 18 hectares were destroyed after the incident of unknown origin. "This is our job, we are guardians of the forest" says Anthony Karai. June 21, 2020
Thiago Karaí Kekupe, the young Guarani Mbya chief, fights a fire in his territory. In total about 18 hectares were destroyed after the incident of unknown origin. "We can't accept the forest being destroyed, being taken by flames, which some people consider normal. If we burn, we hurt ourselves. Our lives are at risk." June 21, 2020
A Guarani child swims near his village. The pressures of the city of São Paulo on their territory intensify with real estate speculation and the advance of the urban sprawl to the farthest regions of the metropolis. "We don't have drinkable water in the village, the only water we have is from a natural spring" says Thiago Karaí Kekupe, a young Guarani Mbya chief. March 7th, 2020
Guarani women prepare for confrontation with the military police in the Jaraguá indigenous territory, in São Paulo. Facing the devastating loss of centenary trees, a group of young leaders from the indigenous villages in the Jaragua decided to lead the occupation of their traditional land. Through a pacifist action, they were able to maintain their movement for 40 days. March 10, 2020.
A guarani house built with wood in the middle of a eucalyptus plantation in Guyra Pepó Village, in the interior of São Paulo State. After the construction of a highway on their land in São Paulo in the 2000s, the Guaranis-mbya had the right to choose a new land in the interior of the state as compensation for their loss. This right was only realized in 2017, when 36 indigenous families began to occupy a land filled with eucalyptus plantations near Sorocaba city to start a new life. August 21, 2020.
Guarani Urban Sprawl (ongoing)
Guarani Urban Sprawl (ongoing)
The pressure of urban development and real estate speculation has intensified in the Guarani territory in Pico do Jaraguá in recent years, one of the last remaining areas of Atlantic Forest in São Paulo city, Brazil. Their ecosystem has lost approximately 80% of its vegetation since the beginning of colonization. Today about 620 Indigenous people live in this UNESCO recognized biome in six villages spread across five hectares, the smallest demarcated Indigenous territory in the country. They strive to maintain their language, traditions, culture and the environment on the edges of the largest metropolis in Latin America with a strong and united community. All the children learn to speak the Guarani language before Portuguese, and many of their ancestral religious rites have remained very strong despite the proximity to white and Christian culture. This ongoing project aims to follow the life and culture of the Guaranis-Mbyiá in the state of São Paulo and its deep relationship with the environment in the midst of an urban way of life.